Table of Contents
What is shorting a stock?
Short selling stock examples
What is the ideal environment for shorting stocks?
Short selling vs. puts
The bottom line
Jun 21, 2022
6 min read
Are you an investor looking to attempt to profit from shorting stocks? Here are three scenarios that illustrate how to short sell your stocks.
If you've ever heard the saying, "buy low, sell high," you already know the basics of successfully investing in the stock market. That is, you buy in cheap, wait for your stock's value to increase, and sell it for a profit.
But what about profiting from a stock's decrease in value? Or, more specifically, an advanced investment strategy that's known as "shorting stocks."
What is shorting a stock? Read on as we look at how to short sell stocks in detail.
Shorting a stock or short selling is, in short (pardon the pun), betting against a stock. If you anticipate a stock falling in value, you can borrow shares of the stock through a broker, sell those shares, and later buy back the stock at a lower price to return to the lender, pocketing the difference.
While short selling may seem simple, usually only experienced investors take advantage of this strategy. Why? It involves a high level of risk, not to mention the need to pay extremely close attention to the price movements you need to turn a profit. Some investors use short selling to reduce the risk of owning stocks or "long positions."
To short sell, you first need to borrow shares of stock—stock that’s most likely currently scarce—through your brokerage firm. Borrowing shares to short sell is known as "margin trading" or trading on the margin, and it requires you to pay interest for the privilege of borrowing shares through your broker.
The process of short selling is relatively simple once you've identified the stock you want to short.
While short selling can quickly result in significant profits, you also assume a high degree of risk. So it's no surprise that most experts consider it a trading strategy for experienced traders only.
Here's a hypothetical example of short selling: You find XYZ stock valued at $100 per share and believe the value will fall, so you decide to open a short position. Through your brokerage firm, you borrow 100 shares at $100 per share and then sell the shares for a total of $10,000.
Let's say you're correct in your speculation, and the XYZ stock price drops to $70 per share. You then buy back the 100 shares for $7,000 and return the borrowed shares to the lender. That leaves you with the difference, totaling $3,000.
Need a real-world example?
Say you believe Meta stock is overvalued at a price of $310 per share, and you borrow 10 shares and sell them for $3,110. If the stock declines to $200 per share, you can buy back the shares at the lower price for a total of $2,000.
After returning the 10 borrowed shares to the lender, you'd have profited the difference of $1,110 from shorting Meta stock.
Unfortunately, shorting a stock doesn't always go as planned, as you can't predict a stock's future value to a tee. If your speculation is incorrect, but you still want to hold your short position, you must cover margin costs. If you lose too much money, your broker may even place a margin call, where you are required to deposit more money into your brokerage account.
You can also find yourself in a short squeeze, where the stock price rises dramatically. When this happens, the potential losses for the short seller are astronomical.
For example, in 2008, luxury sports car manufacturer Porsche attempted to gain majority control of Volkswagen. Investors knew that if Porsche were to succeed, the market price of Volkswagen stock would fall in value. Porsche then revealed it had secretly acquired 70 percent of Volkswagen through derivatives. Investors scrambled to buy back borrowed shares of Volkswagen stock, creating a feedback loop.
Suddenly, there were very few shares of Volkswagen stock in the market and high demand of investors who needed to buy shares to return to lenders. Volkswagen's stock then skyrocketed as investors were frantic to repurchase shares at a higher price. In a short squeeze, the stock typically falls to its normal range within several months, as did Volkwagen's.
Remember, short selling comes with significant risk, and while substantial earnings are possible, you can also suffer major losses. The key to successfully shorting stock for a profit? Timing.
The ideal time to profit from shorting stocks is during a downward trend or a "bear market." A bear market occurs when a stock's 50-day-moving average is below its 200-day-moving average. This sharp decline in stock values is a "death cross," a strong indicator of a bear market and the perfect time to sell short.
Another ideal situation for short selling is when a stock is drastically overvalued. Suppose the market has high and overly optimistic expectations. The share price may be much higher than its actual worth. Once it becomes clear that the public expectations of the companies' performance are unreachable, the stock's value will undoubtedly fall.
Put options are similar to short selling, as they also profit from a decline in a stock's value. A put allows you to sell an asset at an agreed price, known as the "strike price." If the stock's value falls below the strike price, the put's value increases. If the stock is above the strike price, you should exercise the right to sell the put, and the option will expire.
Both short selling and put options take advantage of a bear market, but put options are generally less risky. With put options, the premium paid for the position is the most you can lose.
In contrast, short selling entails potentially unlimited losses if the value of the stock rises rather than falls. If you want to play it safe when hedging a long position, put options are the way to go.
Remember, short selling is a way for you to take advantage of a declining market.
Investing your money always comes with some risk, no matter the stock. Short selling can be a risky investment strategy, but it can also mitigate your risk on a long position depending on how you want to short trade.
At Titan, we are value investors: we aim to manage our portfolios with a steady focus on fundamentals and an eye on massive long-term growth potential. Investing with Titan is easy, transparent, and effective.
Get started today.
Certain information contained in here has been obtained from third-party sources. While taken from sources believed to be reliable, Titan has not independently verified such information and makes no representations about the accuracy of the information or its appropriateness for a given situation. In addition, this content may include third-party advertisements; Titan has not reviewed such advertisements and does not endorse any advertising content contained therein.
This content is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be relied upon as legal, business, investment, or tax advice. You should consult your own advisers as to those matters. References to any securities or digital assets are for illustrative purposes only and do not constitute an investment recommendation or offer to provide investment advisory services. Furthermore, this content is not directed at nor intended for use by any investors or prospective investors, and may not under any circumstances be relied upon when making a decision to invest in any strategy managed by Titan. Any investments referred to, or described are not representative of all investments in strategies managed by Titan, and there can be no assurance that the investments will be profitable or that other investments made in the future will have similar characteristics or results.
Charts and graphs provided within are for informational purposes solely and should not be relied upon when making any investment decision. Past performance is not indicative of future results. The content speaks only as of the date indicated. Any projections, estimates, forecasts, targets, prospects, and/or opinions expressed in these materials are subject to change without notice and may differ or be contrary to opinions expressed by others. Please see Titan’s Legal Page for additional important information.
You might also like
Short Selling Explained: Definition & Rules
Want to know the rules and regulations an investor needs to know when short selling? Here’s our complete guide, with answers to common short selling questions.
How to Short a Stock
A step-by-step guide on how to short stock and reasons why investors sell short.
What is Shorting a Stock?
Investors can potentially make significant profits through short selling stocks, but it comes with substantial risks.
© Copyright 2024 Titan Global Capital Management USA LLC. All Rights Reserved.
Please refer to Titan's Program Brochure for important additional information. Certain investments are not suitable for all investors. Before investing, you should consider your investment objectives and any fees charged by Titan. The rate of return on investments can vary widely over time, especially for long term investments. Investment losses are possible, including the potential loss of all amounts invested, including principal. Brokerage services are provided to Titan Clients by Titan Global Technologies LLC and Apex Clearing Corporation, both registered broker-dealers and members of FINRA/SIPC. For more information, visit our disclosures page. You may check the background of these firms by visiting FINRA's BrokerCheck.
Various Registered Investment Company products (“Third Party Funds”) offered by third party fund families and investment companies are made available on the platform. Some of these Third Party Funds are offered through Titan Global Technologies LLC. Other Third Party Funds are offered to advisory clients by Titan. Before investing in such Third Party Funds you should consult the specific supplemental information available for each product. Please refer to Titan's Program Brochure for important additional information. Certain Third Party Funds that are available on Titan’s platform are interval funds. Investments in interval funds are highly speculative and subject to a lack of liquidity that is generally available in other types of investments. Actual investment return and principal value is likely to fluctuate and may depreciate in value when redeemed. Liquidity and distributions are not guaranteed, and are subject to availability at the discretion of the Third Party Fund.
The cash sweep program is made available in coordination with Apex Clearing Corporation through Titan Global Technologies LLC. Please visit www.titan.com/legal for applicable terms and conditions and important disclosures.
Cryptocurrency advisory services are provided by Titan.
Information provided by Titan Support is for informational and general educational purposes only and is not investment or financial advice.
Contact Titan at firstname.lastname@example.org. 508 LaGuardia Place NY, NY 10012.